Personnel Expenses and Employee Numbers

Personnel expenses for continuing operations rose by €2,020 million to €11,548 million in 2018 (2017: €9,528 million). The change was mainly due to the higher headcount in connection with the acquisition of Monsanto.

Personnel Expenses

 

 

2017

 

2018

 

 

€ million

 

€ million

Salaries

 

7,567

 

9,192

Social expenses and expenses for pensions and other benefits

 

1,961

 

2,356

of which for defined contribution pension plans

 

488

 

495

of which for defined benefit and other pension plans

 

445

 

429

Total

 

9,528

 

11,548

The interest portion of the allocation to personnel-related provisions – mainly for pensions and other post-employment benefits – is included in the financial result under other financial expenses (Note “Other financial income and expenses”).

The average numbers of employees, classified by corporate function, were as shown in the table below:

Employees

 

 

2017

 

2018

Production

 

39,298

 

44,734

Marketing and distribution

 

37,147

 

40,295

Research and development

 

13,958

 

16,538

General administration

 

9,359

 

9,271

Total

 

99,762

 

110,838

Apprentices

 

1,918

 

1,823

The number of employees on either permanent or temporary contracts is stated in full-time equivalents (FTE), with part-time employees included on a pro-rated basis in line with their contractual working hours. The figures do not include apprentices.

Compare to Last Year